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Čaj od sušenih mahuna
Dijabetes, reuma, giht
1 jušna žlica suhih mahuna - komušine, 2.5 dl vode
Priprema: Kuhati suhe mahune 2-4 minute, poklopiti i nakon pola sata procijediti.
Uporaba: Piti 2-3 šalice na dan, u gutljajima.

Iz kulinarstva
Napomena: Zelene mahune ne jedu se sirove jer sadrže otrovni sastojak, fazeolin, koji se kuhanjem rastvara. Mlade zelene mahune sadrže dosta celuloze, te ih s oprezom valja davati osobama koje imaju poteškoća s crijevima. Zelene mahune se mogu sušiti dok su mlade i kasnije preko zime koristiti za jelo ili čaj.

Kontraindikacije: Nisu poznate.
Moguća nadutost.

Mahuna
lat Phaseolus vulgaris
eng French beans, runner beans
d Die Gartenbohne
fr Le haricot, ou haricot commun

Mahuna

Mahuna

Strani nazivi: slovenski- bažulj, fižol; srpski - boranija; talijanski - fagiolo comune, fagiolo americano.
Iz povijesti: Mahunarke (bob, grah, leća, grašak) su još u dalekoj prošlosti, od mlađeg kamenog doba pa sve do danas bile i ostale osnovne životne namirnice. U Svetom pismu piše kako je Jakob svom bratu Esavu otkupio pravo "prvorođenog" za hranu od leće. Najstariji tragovi o mahunarkama u naseobinama iz kamenog doba nađeni su u Mađarskoj, a u sojenicama na švicarskim jezerima o grašku. Podaci o grahu potječu iz prahistorijskog doba a nađeni su u grobnicama u Arizoni i Peruu. U Europu je grah stigao nakon otkrića Amerike.
Opis: Zelene mahune graha bez razvijenih sjemenki su plod kojeg rabimo za ishranu i liječenje. Mogu biti različitih vrsta od duguljasto okruglih do plosnatih te raznih boja od zelenih do žutih.
Vrijeme cvatnje: Svibanj-srpanj.
Miris i okus: Mahuna je bez naročitog mirisa i gorkog okusa.
Stanište: Uzgaja se u vrtovima, a ima mnogo sorti mahuna.
Branje i prerada: Beru se razvijene zelene mahune koje se suše na toplom i zračnom mjestu.
Ljekoviti sadržaj:
Ugljikohidrati 7,6g, bjelančevine 2,2g, masti 0,2g, škrob, lecitin,, hemiceluloza 45-50%, kalcij, 52mg, fosfor 45mg, željezo 0,7 mg, magnezij, mangan, nikal, kobalt, kalij, cink, fluor, jod, bakar i selen, karotin, vitamini B kompleksa, C, E i K vitamini, glikozidi cijanove kiseline, folne i pantotenske kiseline, fazeolin koji je u svježem stanju otrovan, te inozitol 0,7-0,8%, arginin  (djeluje slično kao inzulin) iz grupe glukokinina. Ugljikohidrati u mahuni javljaju se u obliku galaktana, glukuronske kiseline, fruktoze, glukoze, manita.
Energetska vrijednost mahuna za razliku od graha je mala, 174 kJ ili 42 kcal.

Ljekovito djelovanje
- Mahune graha su stari pučki lijek za čišćenje organizma od štetnih tvari te se i danas koriste za liječenje dijabetesa, reume te bolesti bubrega i mjehura
- Mlade zelene mahune mogu se konzervirati i sušiti te koristiti za liječenje cijele godine što je od velikog značenja za dijabetičare.
- Jela od mahuna u količini od 4- kg tjedno kao i čaj od suhih mahuna odstranjuju aceton iz krvi i mokraće, a ako se jedu natašte i pije čaj smanjuju razinu šećera u krvi za 20-40 posto.
- Kad se sušene mahune u liječenju dijabetesa kombiniraju s ostalim ljekovitim biljem kao što su borovica, kopriva, maslačak i dr pojačava se ljekoviti učinak.
- Jela od mladih zelenih mahuna pojačavaju pražnjenje crijeva, te djeluju kao prirodno laksativno sredstvo koje ne stvara naviku.
- Sastojci mladih zelenih mahuna sprječavaju poremećaje bijelih crvenih krvnih zrnaca koji nastaju kao posljedica uzimanja antibiotika, te uspostavljaju ravnotežu leukocita u krvi, a inozitol regulira metabolizam kalcija i jača srce.
- Zapadna pučka medicina rabi mahunu za liječenje: dijabetesa i regulaciju šećera u krvi, gihta, urinarnog trakta, visokog krvnog tlaka.

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